Experiencing Childhood Trauma and Mental Health
Just read the article and answer four questions,
This is the article:
Mental illness refers to a wide range of disorders that affect mood, thinking, and behavior. Mental illness can affect anyone regardless of age, gender, social standing, religion or race/ethnicity. People with mental illness often experience distress and problems functioning at work, home and in social situations. Mental illness is not something the person can “overcome with willpower,” and can be caused by biological factors such as genes or brain chemistry, trauma and abuse, and family history of mental illness.
The major types of illnesses are
- Mood disorders, including bipolar Personality disorders
- Trauma disorders
- Eating disorders
1. What are two main factors that can contribute to mental illness?
A. Weakness or deficit in personality
B Having a coexisting disability
C experiencing childhood trauma
D None of the above
Why does stigma matter? Stigma embraces both prejudicial attitudes and discriminating behavior towards individuals with mental health problems, and the social effects of this include exclusion, poor social support, poorer subjective quality of life, and low self-esteem (Livingston & Boyd, 2010). As well as it’s effect on the quality of daily living, stigma also has a detrimental effect on treatment outcomes, and so hinders efficient and effective recovery from mental health problems (Perlick, Rosenheck, Clarkin, Sirey et al., 2001). In particular, self-stigma is correlated with poorer vocational outcomes (employment success) and increased social isolation (Yanos, Roe & Lysaker, 2010). These factors alone represent significant reasons for attempting to eradicate mental health stigma and ensure that social inclusion is facilitated and recovery can be efficiently achieved.
2. What is the main reason it is important to recognize mental health stigma?
A. Movies released between 1990-2010 that depicted at least one character with schizophrenia, found that most schizophrenic characters displayed violent behavior, one-third of these violent characters engaged in homicidal behavior, and a quarter committed suicide.
B. The popular press and entertainment media play a major role in perpetuating stigma related to mental health.
C. The medical model makes it seem like mental health issues are always biological in nature.
D. Stigma leads to discrimination and exclusion, and hinders the effective treatment and/or recovery, as well as life quality.