I need support with this Health & Medical question so I can learn better.
What are the strengths and weaknesses of how the United States conducts domestic intelligence analysis? Please address the differences between strategic and tactical intelligence assessments for homeland security.
“Homeland security is a new frontier for American intelligence analysis. Prior to 9/11, the United States gave little thought about security and intelligence inside its borders. Illustrative of this fact is that while most countries in the world have ministries of interior that are devoted to internal intelligence and security, the United States has a Department of Interior that oversees such things as national parks.
American political culture and concern over the preservation of civil liberties weighed heavily against an institution for internal security like most other countries in the world. In the aftermath of World War II, President Harry Truman rejected calls for an intelligence service responsible for both foreign and domestic intelligence. He feared the replication of an American version of the Soviet Union’s KGB that had both intelligence functions and the power to arrest Soviet citizens.
Instead, Truman divided those responsibilities to better protect American civil liberties. He gave the CIA the mission for intelligence collection and analysis from abroad. And Truman tasked the FBI with the counterintelligence mission to protect the United States from foreign intelligence operations inside American borders. That bureaucratic seam between the CIA and the FBI was exploited by al-Qaeda in the 9/11 attacks.
After 9/11, the United States created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). President George W. Bush charged the DHS, in part, with protecting Americans from terrorist attacks at home. The DHS formed an intelligence unit that is part of the IC. It takes a particularly close look at ensuring the safety of critical infrastructure inside the United States. As we will study this week, however, that even after more than a decade the DHS still has not honed its business practices for writing intelligence analysis nor has it successfully orchestrated efforts with those of the FBI. Although the FBI has redoubled its attention to counterterrorism, its efforts to improve the quality of its intelligence analysis too have faltered.”
1 Additional Source