Moral Controversy, Debate, Disagreement, and or Dispute

Moral Controversy, Debate, Disagreement, and or Dispute

Ethical Perspectives on Abortion

Abortion triggers intense ethical debates due to deeply rooted positions. In favor of making the right choices, supporters of the given argument state that a woman’s right to self-determination prevails own her body that evident in reproduction rights and bodily autonomy judgment. They contend that mandating pregnancy continuation infringes on women’s freedoms, potentially burdening them physically, emotionally, and financially. Some argue the essence of the stance prioritizes the sacredness of human life instead of choosing abortion. They argue against abortion, viewing it as a morally shameful act due to its termination of an innocent life. The deontological arguments for this stance are rooted in the idea of a basic right to life of any unborn fetus and the ought to remain a human being as is without being harmed before they make it to the world.

The opposing viewpoints reflect fundamental disagreements regarding individual autonomy, rights, and the value of life. In matters of privacy and individual liberty, proponents stress the issues of personal concern such as the burden of unwanted pregnancies if a pregnancy is unplanned or occurs unexpectedly. Conversely, abortion proponents stress the moral imperative to protect and preserve all human life, including that of the unborn (Kaczor, 2022). The ethical discussion around the matter of abortion is deeper than the laws: it explores deeper questions of what we believe is right and fair as human beings. Advocates prioritize women’s rights and they stress that there are adverse effects of abortion.

From an Ethical Egoist perspective, individuals prioritize their self-interest above all else. A proposition from an Ethical Egoist might disregard either of the divisions of abortion assuming that this is tied to their interests or purposes. They may justify their position by arguing that supporting abortion rights preserves individual freedom and autonomy, which ultimately benefits the self. However, the question of a person’s loyalty to where he or she comes from or to the community at large should awaken in respect of advocating for abortion rights because such disregard is a threat to potential future members of society.

The implication of abortion in what is known as a Social Contract Ethics perspective. It is brought about by examining the issue within the context of the societal ethos. They would perhaps demand a balance where the individual right is acknowledged at the same time communal needs are met. A Social Contract Ethicist might find his/her position justified by the fact that it is important that the social fabric is preserved and the welfare of all members of society is granted. The disagreement on abortion, as such, might easily end up being a battle between personal autonomy and social norms, as separate individual rights and common principles respecting the humanity which is in the life clash. The instruction of Social Contract Ideology is an effective solution to this situation where the dialogue between the government and the community. The development of regulations that are based on the compromise between the freedom of choice for individuals and the advancement of society is suggested.

The code of professional ethics is undoubtedly central in regulating health workers’ behavior as they deal with ethical concerns in abortion. Codes of conduct covering the circumstances as provided by the American Medical Association (AMA) should be looked on as something valuable that one is ready to face those pressing situations. The AMA notes the right of a doctor to professionally object when participating in an abortion procedure, but at the same time, they stress the survival of access to legalized medical care. Through this consent, one understands that there is a thin line that separates the attitude of professionals and the feelings of the individual as well as that of the family whose rights to live may be in opposition with certain medical procedures. The ethical demands on health workers in these situations are special whereby they must be aware of their ethical responsibilities while at the same time appreciating the patient’s rights and autonomy.

During birth control, healthcare providers would make an individual choice between their convictions and their duty to render care to the patients. For example, when faced with the situation of a patient who came to a clinic for an abortion, the physician might have an inward conflict simply because he/she is morally against the procedure of terminating a pregnancy (Dozier et al., 2020). Professional responsibilities and personal views should be considered and should be realized with consideration of the ethics of the code. First, the AMA’s principles emphasize abiding by those rights at all times, whatever the provider or organization’s viewpoint is on the issue. The provision of neutral health information and any help needed to make reproductive health decisions by nurses as well as doctors is the key duty of healthcare professionals.

All the ethical dilemmas of abortion are complex as the various aspects, as well as ideas, are considered. It is essential to examine the various roles in the light of these ethical terms, like Ethical Egoism and Social Contract Ethics, and such an undertaking can make us aware of the ethical principles that are involved and the disputes that might arise. Social Contract Ethics stresses that one should be fair to other people and fulfill their obligations when one uses an individual’s freedom. Providers of healthcare must necessarily take into account abortion as a concept that is inseparable from the governing arrangements and reciprocal agreements of society.

In conclusion, the ethical paradox concerning abortions is one of moral complexity which involves several convictions and perceptions determined by different areas of thought. Navigating the complexity of this issue, healthcare professionals should observe their ethical responsibilities, but respect patients’ rights and autonomy. Basing on the principle of encouraging respect while finding a fine balance between individuals’ rights and social responsibilities can give direction to the proper direction for such disputes.



Dozier, J. L., Hennink, M., Mosley, E., Narasimhan, S., Pringle, J., Clarke, L., … & Rice, W. S. (2020). Abortion attitudes, religious and moral beliefs, and pastoral care among Protestant religious leaders in Georgia. PloS one, 15(7), e0235971.

Kaczor, C. (2022). The ethics of abortion: Women’s rights, human life, and the question of justice. Routledge.

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